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                          ESSAY WRITING (FOR GRADE IX OR X )

                          Write a short essay on the following topic ‘Overpopulation’

                          Model Answer (Total words = 268 words)

Paragraph 1          In most countries of the world the population is increasing alarmingly. This is           especially true in                                      (introduction)     poor, underdeveloped countries. Overpopulation causes a considerable number of problems.

Paragraph 2          In poor countries it is difficult to provide enough food to feed even the present         number of people. In addition,     (n. impact)        education to limit the number of children per family is not always successful. Poorer countries usually have a lot of                                 unemployment too, and an increase in population simply makes the situation           worse. The environment also suffers                           when there are too many people living on             the land.

Paragraph 3          In rich, industrialised and developing countries it is very difficult for governments to provide effective public services in (  n. impact)          overcrowded cities. Moreover, there is usually a great deal more crime, which is often due to high rates of                                            unemployment. Further large increases in population only cause more          overcrowding, unemployment and crime.

Paragraph 4          There are two main solutions to the overpopulation problem. Firstly, every woman who is pregnant but who does (solutions  )           not want to give birth should be allowed by law to have an abortion. Secondly, governments must educate people to                 limit the size of the family. In China, couples are penalised financially if they            have more than one child. This may                       seem cruel, but the ‘one-child policy’ is beginning to have an effect in the world’s most populous nation. Eventually,                 similar policies might also be necessary in other crowded nations, such as India       for example.

Paragraph 5          To sum up, if the population explosion continues, many more people will die of        starvation in poor countries, and life (conclusion)        in the cities, even in affluent nations, will become increasingly difficult.

Source: Cambridge IELTS 5, UK English

 

                         

                          Write a short essay on the following topic ‘Overpopulation’

                          Model Answer (Total words = 268 words)

Paragraph 1          In most countries of the world the population is increasing alarmingly. This is           especially true in                                      (introduction)     poor, underdeveloped countries. Overpopulation causes a considerable number of problems.

Paragraph 2          In poor countries it is difficult to provide enough food to feed even the present         number of people. In addition,     (n. impact)        education to limit the number of children per family is not always successful. Poorer countries usually have a lot of                                 unemployment too, and an increase in population simply makes the situation           worse. The environment also suffers                           when there are too many people living on             the land.

Paragraph 3          In rich, industrialised and developing countries it is very difficult for governments to provide effective public services in (  n. impact)          overcrowded cities. Moreover, there is usually a great deal more crime, which is often due to high rates of                                            unemployment. Further large increases in population only cause more          overcrowding, unemployment and crime.

Paragraph 4          There are two main solutions to the overpopulation problem. Firstly, every woman who is pregnant but who does (solutions  )           not want to give birth should be allowed by law to have an abortion. Secondly, governments must educate people to                 limit the size of the family. In China, couples are penalised financially if they            have more than one child. This may                       seem cruel, but the ‘one-child policy’ is beginning to have an effect in the world’s most populous nation. Eventually,                 similar policies might also be necessary in other crowded nations, such as India       for example.

Paragraph 5          To sum up, if the population explosion continues, many more people will die of        starvation in poor countries, and life (conclusion)        in the cities, even in affluent nations, will become increasingly difficult.

Source: Cambridge IELTS 5, UK English

 

 

 
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