Coordination, Innovation, Celebration

Saturday, 24 January 2015

What does sustainability mean to me?

" Mr Awasthi, if you are a teacher teach your students, if you are a messenger message your listener, if you are a researcher research on and make the clear understanding of your academia, if you are a farmer practice in your farm and teach to your father, if you are only an organism with understanding capacity please just conceptualize the interlinked meaning of Plant (Biruwa) and Element (Tatwo) then make the situation to return the element that you have used to the ‘all in all’ plant which is truly the state of sustainability"......... Dr. Madan Rai, 2014-11-15
As the guiding instructions by above personality, I am curious to the educational sustainability. I never forget the terms like "improve your personality from your locality" and there I see the global meaning in my local culture, local products, concepts and beliefs.It is really questionable that why do we forget our identity and meaning that coves multiple global concepts. I began my blogs to express my local and personal experiences to be discussed in and among the global thoughts that meets to educational sustainability.

Friday, 23 January 2015

Coordination, Innovation, Celebration: anything missing?

Not sure, 'what' to name this ! As I am not hereby putting any personal opinion forward. This seeks opinions from 'you' and I love to be one of the fellow around you; hence my opinion will also be threaded. This is not an article :P

Of course the context is, our network and team building. We had previously assigned three mantras as slogan of NTNSE - coordination, innovation, celebration. I ask, if anything adds to these.

How to do this? :::: Please comment below by using facebook account ! Be sure to check this page as the further comments won't show any 'notification' on your FB wall.

Thursday, 1 January 2015

Teachers’ Woes

“If you beat me, my mum will kill you.”

If you are a teacher, you may have already heard or are likely to hear an aforementioned remark. One of my colleagues once was astounded at the remark of a student in class.

I find myself in a sea of wonders and in a complete whirl. Are our students forgetting the real meaning of a school and a teacher? When I was back in a school, a school was understood to be a temple of learning and teaching and teachers to be a burning candle. Teachers were put at par with God. On the contrary, a school nowadays has been a dating spot for couples, a ring for quarrelsome pupils and a gossip venue for some teachers.

Infatuation has been one of the rising issues, and discipline a thing of the past and lack of it has only increased the woes of the teachers as well as the school administration.

One of the underlying problems for disciplinary problem is the defiant attitude the students have developed due to the backing of their parents. A parent coming to school to accuse and argue with the school staff is one of the commonest happenings that can be seen in any school office. Often these accusations and arguments take an ugly turn and the school authorities confront with parents’ threats of calling the media to tarnish institution’s image. So it is better to avoid confrontations being tolerant. Once upon a time, fear of corporal punishment was the only effective technique for discipline maintenance, but today the table has been turned. Now it is not students but teachers have to fear students.

At the cutting edge of science and technology, students cannot be deprived of its usage. No matter how often students are warned they turn their deaf ears to it. If students are penalized at the minimum level, parents hasten to create a row over it yet expect their ward/s to perform well in academics and extra-curricular activities. In addition, some students lay emphasis on love letters and pairing a boy off with a girl. They relate their life with a film’s story which doesn’t last more than three hours on a screen.

All sorts of pressure are placed on the teachers and the school authorities to promote the student, and if you do not succumb to this pressure, you are subject to dire consequences. Today the student is very well aware of the fact s/he will not be meted out any forms of physical punishment. Teachers are obligated to abide by rules, whereas parents forget their responsibilities for their wards’ overall development.

Today the classrooms hold only ten percent of scholars. The balance ninety percent are only present in class because they have to be there. They are only existing and contributing to the category for unwilling learners. Parents should have a clear conscience that their blind belief and backing to their offspring is only bringing the axe down on their own feet.

Amar Bahadur Sherma, a Secondary Level English Teacher at GEMS, published on 16 July, 2014, The Himalayan Times



At times when I feel lonely

Close my eyes and think of something lovely

I don’t know who I am missing

I wonder what I am wishing.

I ask myself why I cannot have fun

Someone says there are many things that I need to learn

Why I should not worry about tomorrow

My friends say there is no end to sorrow.

I try to keep myself truthful and bold

And stick to only what is right,

I don’t know any goals that make my future bright

Why I feel my dignity is gonna be sold.

Why I am not in touch with those friends, who care about me,

But I waste time just looking at a tree

I am a good person in my heart

Who would always shine?

The one who agrees that union and separation are our life’s part

Who would always shine?

The one who is always doing fine!

Choice of Right Words

1.    Occurred or happened

If you say that something ‘occurred’ you mean that it happened:

The accident occurred whilst passengers were waiting to board the plane.

But if you say that something ‘occurred to you’ you mean that an idea came into your mind:

Something suddenly occurred to me while I was waiting for the plane.

Be careful, therefore, no   t to use this expression if you mean that something happened which concerned you. Instead you can say:

Something suddenly happened to me whilst I was waiting for the plane.


2.   On Tuesday afternoon—in Tuesday afternoon

In general we use ‘in’ with the word ‘afternoon’.

In the afternoon we went to a stadium to see a match.

But when afternoon is specified, we have to use ‘on’ with afternoon or any other parts of a day.

I will phone you on Tuesday afternoon.

Collect all stationery on the morning of your exam.

3.   Outset—onset

The onset is a beginning/starting, especially of something unpleasant.

From the onset of a nasty cold, he has been ill.

Outset is a very beginning of an event.

I have been involved with the project from the outset.


4.   Party—person

One of the meanings of the word ‘party’ is a political organization whose members all have the same aims and beliefs, usually one that is trying to win elections to parliament. There is another meaning which might cause confusion to many. 

The guilty party has promised to pay Rs. 50, 000 in compensation. (This is the person who has confessed his or her crime.)

A certain person told me that Binaya voted for Subash Chandra Nembang.

5.   Pass an exam—pass in an exam

The word ‘pass’ is a transitive verb. It always takes a direct object to make complete sense. So the word ‘pass’ is not followed by a preposition. Many Nepalese translate Nepali sentences into English without any modification. Consequently, a common mistake is made.

Ma parikshyama pass bhaye. (‘ma’ a Nepali preposition)

Wrong          I passed in an exam. (Because the word pass does not take any prepositions.)

Right             I passed an exam.

6.   Passage—aisle

Many people are confused of these two words, who unknowingly misuse these words while speaking and writing. The word ‘aisle’ means a passage between rows of seats in a church, theatre, railway carriage, bus, aeroplane, etc. or between rows of shelves in a shop or supermarket:

The bride and groom walked slowly down the aisle (ie after their wedding ceremony).

‘Passage’ or ‘passageway’ is a long, narrow space that connects one place to another:

There is a passage to the side of the house, leading to the garden.

7.   People—peoples

The word ‘people’ itself indicates a plural noun or more than one person, however, we can use write peoples as a plural form of people.

Our school employs over 200 people. (more than one person)

Europe is made up of man different peoples. (all the people of a race)

8.   Plan—think

Do you first think or plan? When you plan, you think and decide what you are going to do or how you are going to do something in advance.

She is just planning her holidays.

When you think, you consider an idea or a problem.

You should think about where you want to live.

9.   Practicable—practical

The word ‘practicable’ means ‘that which appears to be capable of being put into practice; that which appears to be capable of being done.’ For example,

          Kalpana’s plan, I feel certain, is practicable.

The word ‘practical’ means that something is ‘known to be workable or effective.’ For example,

          All of the participants got some really practical advice.

The parliament believes that Amar’s plan, which has never been tried in any form, is practicable. (not practical because the plan has never been implemented)

Note: The word ‘practicable’ is never applied to persons. Only the word ‘practical’ when applied to persons, means ‘realistic’, calculating’, interested in actual conditions rather than in unknown or imaginary practices.’

10.            Read—study

When you study, you engage in the activity of learning, especially by serious reading.

Apekshya is in her bedroom, studying for the upcoming exam.

But when you read, you look at words that are written and say them aloud for other people to listen to.

I always read my children stories at bedtime.

Wrong          Which class do you read in? (because you learn about subjects at school)

Right             Which class do you study in?

11.            Refuse—deny

These two words mean ‘not to accept’ in general. Nevertheless, they have different clear-cut meanings.

When you refuse, you say that you will not do or accept something.

Messi refuses to admit that he was interested in leaving Barcelona.

When you deny, you say that something is not true, especially that you are accused of.

Sampada denied killing her friend at the party.  

12.            Remember—memorize

Remembering is not possible without memorizing. You memorize something well so that you can remember it exactly.

Akhil has memorized all his friends’ birthdays.

If you remember a fact or something from the past, you keep it in your mind, or bring it back into your mind.

I cannot remember the name of the film I saw last month with my wife.

13.            Rent—hire

In UK English you rent something for a long period of time.

Sikha has rent a 2-bedroom flat.

You hire something for a short period of time.

My family hired a car for the weekend.

In US English the word rent is used in both situations.


14.            Ride—drive

You ride a bike, cycle, horse. (small means of transport). When you ride these vehicles, you control them; you are no longer a passenger.

I always ride my bike to work.

She taught me to ride a horse.

You drive large means of transport like a bus, car or truck. (You control them.)

But you ride a bus to work. (as a passenger in US English.)

15.            For sale—on sale

For sale means ‘things offered to anyone anywhere who wants to buy them.

There are three houses for sale near us.

On sale means ‘things are in the shops for people to buy’.

The latest model of this video recorder is now on sale in your high street.

16.            Scene—view

A view is the whole area that you see from somewhere, for example when you look out of a window or down from a hill and see a beautiful place.

Simla had a great view from her window across the park.

A scene is what you see in a place, especially when you are describing a place where something unusual or shocking is happening:

Farsha described the horrific scenes which followed the bombing.

17.            Search for someone—search someone

Many of the students in Nepal use the latter one. If you search a place or person, you are looking for something in that place or on that person.

The police searched the man (looked in his clothes or frisked) for some illegal things at the airport.

If you search for something or someone, you are looking for that person or thing because you have something to do with them.

I am searching for Chiranjibi sir.  (I want to talk to him.)

Students call their teachers by title plus their surnames in the UK. For example,

Mrs Tamang, Mr Limbu, etc.

18.            Sensible—sensitive

Both the words are adjectives to describe how someone is. The adjective sensitive tells others how easily you feel or experience something.

Sambhu is a very sensitive man and gets upset easily.

Sensible is related to making decisions based on reasons rather than feelings and imagination.

It would be more sensible to leave before the traffic gets bad.

19.            Shade—shadow

Shade is the protection from the sun, a darker, cooler area behind something, example a building or a tree.

I am hot. Let’s find some shade to sit in.

A shadow is the ‘picture’ made by something that blocks out light. Moreover, a dark area on a surface caused by an object standing between direct light and that surface:

In the evening your shadow is longer than you are.

The shadows lengthen as the sun go down.

20.            Shift—move

‘Shift’ is one of the most frequently used words by the Nepalese. These two words have almost same meaning; therefore, Nepalese writers/speakers make a blunder. Compare their meanings:

If you shift something, you move that from one place to another. Moreover, we shift something that is movable and small enough to be transported.

We need to shift all these boxes into the other room.

If you move, either you change your position or go to a different place to live or work.

We moved into a new apartment at New Baneshwor. (to change the living place)

We moved the chairs to another room. (to change place or position)

Wrong          Our family have shifted to Biratnagar.

Right             Our family have moved to Biratnagar.

Choice of Correct Words

  1. Lastly—at last        

Do not confuse lastly and at last. Use ‘lastly’ when you are talking about several things in order and you want to show that you have reached the final thing on the list:

And lastly I would like to congratulate Dipesh for winning an award.

Use at last when you want to show that something has happened after a long time or after a lot of waiting:

She tried repeatedly until at last she succeeded.

When at last the rescuers found them, two people had already died.


  1. Last month—the last month

Last month is the month just before this one. If I am speaking in September, last month was August. ‘The’ makes a big difference.

I bought this house last month.

The last month is the period of thirty days up to the moment of speaking. On September 12th 2014, the last month is the period from August 13th to September 12th.

I have been ill for the last month. I feel terrible.

  1. Lawful—legitimate

Legal is the ordinary word for actions allowed by the law, and the general word for things connected with the law.

Lawful suggests that the law has moral or religious force:

Why don’t you value your lawful king?

Legitimate means ‘accepted by law, custom or common belief’:

He claimed that bombing the town was a legitimate act of war.

  1. Lead—guide

To lead is to show the way and explain things:

You lead and we will follow.

To guide is to go with someone somewhere who needs help, in order to show the way and explain things.

He guided the tourists round the castle.


  1. Lean—Slim

When describing people with very little fat on their bodies, thin is the most usual word. Many careful writers think slim is desirable. The word ‘slim’ is often used to describe women who have controlled their weight by diet or exercise:

Sonakshi has a beautifully slim figure.

She is slim.

Lean is usually used to describe a man who is thin and muscular.

At 50, my father is lean and fit and still very attractive.

  1. Like—as

If you play football or any games like a professional, you play as well as a professional.

He plays cricket like a professional.

If you play cricket as a professional, you are a professional.

He plays cricket as a professional.

  1. Loose—lose

The word ‘loose’ means ‘free, large, the opposite of tight.’ The word ‘lose’ means to not be able to find someone or something.

Wrong:         Anju doesn’t want to loose her purse.

Right:            Anju doesn’t want to lose her purse.

Right:            Subhash is wearing a loose sweater. Maybe, he borrowed the sweater from his friend who is fatter than him.

  1. Made of—made from

We usually say that something is made of a particular material.

Most things seem to be made of plastic these days.

All our furniture is made of wood.

When a material is changed into a completely different form to make something, we often use make from.

Paper is made from wood. When we talk about the process of manufacture, we can also use out of.

Tuleshwor made all the window-frames out of oak; it took a long time.

  1. Majority—plurality                                                  

          The term ‘majority’ means at least one more than half. The word ‘plurality’ means the highest number within a greater number. For example, if 100 members of a club vote in an election which has three candidates, one of them must receive at least 51 votes to have a majority. If none of the candidates receives 51 votes, none has a majority. In such a situation, the candidate receiving the highest number of votes is said to have a ‘plurality’. Thus, if A receives 46 votes, B receives 42, and C receives 12, A has received the plurality.

Wrong:         Prime Minister Dr Baburam Bhattarai was elected by the majority of the Nepalese voters. (This sentence is wrong because Dr Bhattarai did not receive at least 51 per cent of the popular vote.)

Right:            Prime Minister Dr Baburam Bhattarai was elected by a plurality vote.

  1. Meddle—interfere

When you meddle in a situation, you try to influence people or change things that are not your responsibility or you know little about.

Why do you always meddle in my private business?

When you interfere, you try to control or become involved in a situation, in a way that is annoying.

You should not interfere in other people’s business.


  1. Much money—a lot of money

Although we use the word ‘much’ with uncountable nouns like sugar, water, ghee, etc, we do not use say much money. But in interrogative sentences, much can collocate with money.

How much money do you have at the moment?

Wrong          I have much money.

Right             I have a lot of money. (Because it is a statement.)


  1. Murder—slay

When someone is murdered, they are murdered intentionally and illegally. 

They killed him. (He was simply stabbed or shot dead without torture.)

When someone is slain, they are killed in a very violent way. The word ‘slay’ is rare in modern English.

Many soldiers were slain in battle. (Soldiers were killed very cruelly.)

  1. Nail-cutter—nail clippers

A cutter is generally understood to be a tool for cutting something. So, many learners make compound words on their own, for example a nail-cutter. But this word does not exist in any English dictionaries.

The correct word for trimming the nails of the fingers is nail clippers or nail scissors.

Stop biting your nails. Buy nail clippers and trim it.

  1. Notorious—famous

Famous is like well-known but is a stronger word and means ‘known over a wide area’.

Ranjan is a well-known/famous athlete.

Notorious means famous for something bad. (Infamous is rather literary.)

Amrit was notorious for his evil deeds.

Choice of Right Words

  1. Fun—funny

The fun can be a noun and an adjective. Its meaning is enjoyable or entertaining in terms of adjective. Use ‘fun’ to talk about something which you enjoy doing.

There are lots of fun things to do here.

Travelling is fun.

A funny thing makes you smile or laugh. Use ‘funny’ to describe something which makes you laugh.

The film I watched two days ago was really funny.

This is a funny story.

  1. Get on a van—get into a van

It is said that even native speakers of English are not good at the use of prepositions. Some of the prepositions are fixed with words, which have to be memorized by learners. There is no definite rule to follow. You always get into or get out of a small means of transport like a taxi, van, small boat, care etc, but you get on or get off a large means of transport such as bus, train, plane, etc.

David should quickly get into the van.

Sophiya quickly got out of the taxi at the airport.

  1. A gold watch—golden watch

Generally the noun simply names the material something made of, while the adjective has a more metaphorical meaning. But in older English, the of-structure was common. For example, a bridge of stone, a rod of iron, etc.

Right                       I bought a gold watch.

Wrong                              She bought a golden watch.

My friend bought a watch of gold. (not acceptable in modern English)

  1. Graceful—gracious

Graceful means attractive or pleasant. We use it especially to describe the shape or movements of a person or animal:

Shambhu is a graceful dancer.

I was enthralled by the graceful movement of a deer.

But we can also use it to describe people when they are sorry for something or are accepting defeat:

He made a graceful apology.

We use gracious to describe people’s manners. It suggests an important person being polite to someone less important:

The queen thanked them graciously.

  1. Happen—occur

Happen refers to accidental or unplanned events. Happen is also used to talk about one event resulting from another:

What happened at the meeting last night?

What happened when you told him the news? (What was their reaction?)

Something suddenly occurred to me while I was writing. (I had an idea)

  1. Hard—hardly

When you mean ‘with a lot of effort or force’, you should use the adverb hard, not ‘hardly’.

My brother worked very hard to pass the SLC with flying colours.

Hardly means ‘only a very small amount’.

I was so tired that I could hardly walk.

Wrong          I kicked a ball hardly. (Because a lot of effort has been applied.)

  1. Hear—listen to

Use ‘hear’ when you want to say that sounds, music, etc come to your ears. You can hear something without wanting to.

Sandip could hear his music though the wall.

Use listen to when you want to say what it is that you are trying to hear.

The audience listened to the speaker. (The audience wanted to hear what speaker was saying.)

  1. An herb—a herb

British people pronounce the first letter, too. Therefore, they use ‘a’ with herb, whereas the American drop ‘h’. So, they use an with herb. Whether you would like to use a or an relies on which pronunciation you follow.

Aditya went to a herb garden for some research. (UK English)

Samyami went to an herb garden for some research. (US English)

  1. Historic—historical

Some pairs of words ending in –ic and –ical have different meanings.

Historic means ‘having a long history’ or ‘being remembered in history’, but historical means ‘something that happened in the past’ or ‘relating to the study of history’.

I took a photo in front of a historic building.

I read a historical novel.


  1. House—home

Many speakers of English use these two words synonymously; however, it is good to use these words for different purposes.

A house is a building where people live, usually one family or group but they don’t have any emotional attachment. A house can also be a building where commercial activities are held.

We went to my uncle’s house for dinner.

A home is a place where you live or feel you belong because you were born in the place. You have emotional attachment.

He left home when he was only sixteen because of the family quarrel.

  1. Illness—disease

Illness is a general word for a period of not being in good health.

She died unexpectedly after a short illness.

A disease is a specific illness with a name:

Measles is the most devastating of all the major childhood diseases. It can also be used with certain organs of the body.

A healthy diet and regular exercises can help prevent heart disease.


  1. Imply—infer

          The words ‘imply’ and ‘infer’ should not be used synonymously. ‘Imply’ should be used by speakers and writers, whereas ‘infer’ should be used by listeners and readers. Imply means to suggest or show something, without saying it directly. For example,

You are implying that I am very fat.

          My friends imply that I am little fussy. (They just drop some hints about my choices.)

          Infer means to guess that something is true because of the information that you have. For example,

          One of my students inferred that the speaker in the poem was a Democratic.

          I inferred from the number of cups that he was expecting visitors. (I guessed so because there were many cups.)

  1. Invent—discover

When you invent something, you design or create something that has never existed before.

We invented a new video game.

If you discover something, you become the first person to find something.

Columbus discovered America. (America was not invented by Columbus.)

  1. In front of—in the front of

If you are in front of a place, vehicle etc you are outside it.

We stood in front of her car so that she couldn’t drive off.

If you are in the front of a place, vehicle, etc you are inside.

Her husband was sitting in the front of the car. He looked quite frightened.


  1. Job—task

‘Job’ is a general word and may be difficult or easy, pleasant or unpleasant:

My wife has a few jobs to do in the house this morning.

‘Job’ can also mean an occupation:

She’s had the same job for five years.

A task is usually a small job which you may not enjoy, and may not want to do.

The teacher gave the children some holiday tasks.

‘Task’ can also mean something important that must be done in order to achieve something bigger in the future.

The police face a very difficult task dealing with the increase in violent crime.

  1. Journey—trip

A journey can be a long or a short distance; a journey is one particular movement from one place to another.

A 500-mile journey is very fun.

A trip is a journey to a particular place and back.

We took the kids on a trip to Nagarkot.



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