CompositionELTEnglish Language TeachingWriting



Beginning and Ending 

The two most important aspects of any compositions are its beginning and its end. If you don’t begin in an interesting way, a reader will hardly be encouraged to read further. On the other hand, if your conclusion is weak, you will still lose the favourable impression of the reader, besides dissipating the success you strived to achieve in the body of the essay. 


The first paragraph should begin with an arresting statement, which arouses the readers’ curiosity and makes him/her read further. The opening sentences must be so arranged as to attract the readers’ attention.

Some of the useful guidelines are as follows:

1. Begin with a question: Who says Nepal is a poor nation in Asia?
2. Make use of the surprise attack or shock tactics: All criminals should be hanged.
3. Try to use decorative words to create an atmosphere: The house shook, the windows rattled, a framed photograph fell off the wall and fell over the cemented floor and broke into pieces.
4. Begin with a witty idea or phrase: In romantic life, two is a company, three a crowd.
5. Plunge directly into the subject of the composition: One of the most pleasant things in the world is travelling. Travelling ……………..
6. Use a quotation: “It always seems impossible until it is done.” says Nelson Mandela.
7. Begin with a cliff-hanger so that the readers ask themselves ‘Why?’ or ‘What happens next?’: There he stood alone—vomiting blood.
8. Begin with an anecdote: Tom Dempsey was born with only half a right foot and a deformed right arm. But he didn’t let his handicap deter him. At a young age, he had an idea, a dream really. He wanted to be a football player. He began playing football, excelled in his field and became one of the world-famous footballers.

It is a very important part. It can leave a good or bad impression. This is where the discussion is worked out, your deductions are finally made and your conclusions are drawn. There are a number of ways to end a composition. However, you should make it short.

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