|Schematic Representation of ‘Sustainable Development’|
Climate Change is a global fact. There is a need to agree on a framework of action during Rio+20 and have, among others, a timeline for implementing sustainable development commitments with a set of actionable goals. The poor and mountainous countries contribute least to global warming but are the most vulnerable to climate change and erratic weather patterns. But, their capacity to address the problems is limited. Therefore, the global community needs to develop mechanisms to support the most vulnerable countries in effectively addressing the adverse impacts of climate change and for using the opportunities resulting from it to improve livelihood and achieve climate-resilient development. The ability of vulnerable countries to address different global crises is limited and therefore the need for a mechanism to help such countries to overcomes crises, and improve resilience.
Despite constraints, Nepal has made considerable progress in implementing programs related to the natural resources management, renewable energy, health and education and poverty reduction. It can be better given its comparative advantages and natural resources endowment for the developing sustainable agriculture, ecotourism, water resources, renewable energy, non- timber forest products, community forestry and biodiversity conservation. However, it needs additional support (finance, technology transfer and capacity development) for the sustaining the achievements and scaling up the successful pilot interventions.