Coordination, Innovation, Celebration

My Experience In Natural Resources Lesson

I am Yubaraj Adhikari, Principal and science/ environmental science teacher at Durga Bhawani Adarsha Community Lower secondary School, Kaski. I hereby share my experience of the project of first SEC-2070, writing this photo blog.

DACS Students participating in NR lesson

Students exposing the figure of Natural Resources. Each pupil had prepared  at least one  figure of Natural Resources.


 
Then they selected one article randomly and formed three groups viz. Perpetual Resources, Renewable Resources and Non Renewable Resources, upon guidance from teacher.



Students In Renewable Resources Group.




Students In Non renewable Resources Group.



Students In Perpetual Resources Group.



Returning back to the classroom and excited to see how pupils across the country work on same lesson.



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Sustainable Management and Utilization of Water Resources

Ms. Swarnima KC
Institute of Forestry (IOF), Pokhara

Abstract 

Water, a basis of survival of all living organisms is also considered as the basic pre-requisite of development. Being second richest country in water resources, Nepal is gifted by Himalayan ranges in the north with ever flowing snow melted rivers and fresh water springs with huge power of producing energy and fetch out drinking water to the people.
 Similarly, no any economic as well as socioeconomic developments are possible without availability of water. Specially, Nepal and her GDP (Gross Domestic Product) are dependent on agriculture and about 62% of Nepalese are involved in agriculture for their livelihood which requires abundant amount of water for irrigation.
But still most of Nepalese are out of reach easy access to drinking water, most farmers depend upon rain water for agriculture and water resources in urban are affected by pollution  too. And in such condition it is difficult to review a well developed and prosperous nation which is under scarce of drinking water and for irrigating land.
 But, equal distribution of water, sustainable utilization water and conservation of water source are the steps ahead which can solve the problem of water scarce. And these steps must be initiated by every family member, farmers and community based people and should be supported by government and different organizations. If the government is able to well distribute water and check water leakage. Water management can be done easily.
Hence, the essay aims at introducing water, its importance, present condition of drinking and agriculture demanded water. Essay also creates focus on how useful utilization of water, along with its conservation can be done, what should government act upon it to conservation and what can an individual do for protection from pollution and wastage.

Key words: water resources, water availability, sustainable water management, conservation of water.




Introduction:

Water a miracle of nature, wonderful creation in this world that posses divine power to make all the living beings survive. It is a central basis of life for people, animals and plants. It maintains living system of terrestrial as well as aquatic organisms and conduct functions of ecosystem.  Among all other human is most depended upon the water resources, all the social, economic and developmental activities are governed by water resources. Availability of good water is an important fuel to develop human races.

In the chain of human development water resources is the most utilized resources, the growing population and increasing rate of use of this resources is being a problematic one. In addition climate change and its effects on water resources have moved into the spotlight of public interest. Climate change and its consequences indicate change in temperature, precipitation and evaporation in the water bodies. Heavy rainfall causing floods and landslides are result of such effects and these effects are largely affecting the agriculture, which is the most abundantly using sector of water resources.


NEPAL is a completely landlocked country situated in Southern Asia with the mean annual precipitation of 1500. As most other countries in Asia, the agricultural sector plays a very important role in both economic and social terms and, therefore, water plays a crucial role in everyday life. It is a developing country whose GDP depends upon agriculture and its products. About 62% people are farmers either in large or small scale. But the fact is that agriculture requires 100% water resources from sowing to harvest phase of crops and plants. But the condition is very pitiful there is no facility of irrigation which is a must for agriculture i.e. there is no effective use of water resources, though Nepal is the second richest country throughout the world with numerous rivers, riverines, lakes, ponds, fresh water springs and many more. And most of the farmers depend upon rain fed farming system which is now greatly affected by climate change phenomenon.   
                                        
 Most important factor of development is drinking water, which is out of reach for most of the people in our country. Utilization of water resources and flood protection are increasingly coming up against the limits of nature and technology and economic constraints. Water scarcity along with rising water use pressure will lead to more use conflicts in the future. According to a survey, 46% or rural people do not have access to water sources near their house and 7% in urban do not have pipeline connection, but among them most of pipelines get regular flow of water. Lack of institutional capacity, market and awareness among water users, unequal distribution of drinking water, over utilization, leakage and geographical condition are the major constraints for water management in Nepal. Therefore, it is a very difficult task to review a well developed and prosperous Nepal where people are under scarce of drinking and irrigating water.

Now the ultimate way to make water available to the people is sustainable management of water resources prevalent in Nepal. Sustainable water use and sustainable management are only the alternative to uplift the development of nation through agriculture.
Sustainable management is the process of assurance of pure water availability for daily purpose and irrigation water management for agricultural purpose, along with conservation of water sources for future generations. Sustainable utilization of water is the best idea which includes various plans and procedures.
                                   
To assure sustainable water use, it has become unavoidable to start out not only from the demands but also from the potential of the water resources. The task of integrated water resources management is to achieve optimal use of water resources while protecting the lasting ecological resources. Sustainable water management procedure must consider two interlinked systems:
1.      The natural systems (river, rivulets, fresh water springs, lakes etc) and

2.      Socio-economic system that uses water resources and have impacts on them.

Sustainable water management must be started from community based level so that each and every member of nation gets aware about careful utilization of water and its importance. The foremost step in conservation of water is proper utilization of it. Each family member should be aware to turn off the tap after use, and wastage of water should be checked.
             
  
Sanitation is an integral element therefore every house should have a toilet to reduce pollution of water resources. As water resource conservation is threatened by wide spread water control structures, intensive use of water power, the increase in water temperatures, and pollution through chemicals.  Disposal of industrial and medicinal wastes on water sources systems have become increasingly vulnerable and should be controlled completely.

 Government should focus on drinking water test (arsenic test).
Over flow and leakage of water should be controlled and water theft should be punished.
Also climate change has consequences for the regional water balance, water stores in lakes and glaciers, groundwater, and water flows in the ecosystems. The changes in the dynamics of climate and the global water balance are leading increasingly from local to regional level, adoptions and mitigation to climate change should be adapted locally or regionally
  
 Talking about agricultural basis water use, sustainable use of water in irrigation sector should be focused. Timing of agricultural operations should be managed according to rainfall pattern as for e.g. In Nepal in mid and far western regions rainfall occurs after the onset of monsoon, therefore sowing of paddy should be done during the specific time. Well managed collection of water should be done for irrigation. Rain water harvest technology should be adapted where there is no enough rain and agriculture is depended on rain water. E.g. Tomato cultivation in Palpa District through rain water harvests technique. Under ground water pump techniques in Terai belts of Nepal etc.

Sustainable water management process is easily accessible technique which helps Nepalese people and farmers to utilize maximum amount of water and conserve it as well. It must be able to focus on improved access to water and sanitation through community managed water resource for the poor and excluded. Also should strengthen the capacity of local service providers, local organizations and local bodies to demand driven service delivery system.
Hence water uses, flood protection, and prevention of water pollution leads to numerous, in part conflicting demands on the management of our water resources, which is also the principle of sustainable water management and utilization. We can say that these strategies for resolving complex conflicts of water management are the applicable one for better use of water for both daily purpose and agricultural purpose.


Conclusion:

Hence, we can conclude that water is a property of nature that should be preserved as well as utilized for present as well as future betterment.  It becomes a duty of a citizen to conserve the available water and explore the water sources instead of facing difficulties during harvest.
Protecting water source from pollution, utilization of ground water for variety of purpose without polluting it and harvesting rain water for agriculture are the best methods for sustainable utilization of water and its conservation.


References:
 National Planning Secretariat, Government of Nepal “Drinking water survey”
 Cbs.gov.np/?p=807
 Farming matters 2012
 ecs.com.np/feature_detail.php?f_id=312
 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Nepal

                                                                                                            











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Teaching to grow

I wonder what a kid thinks, after looking at their elder brother and sisters in their school at upper classes. One day i will be in class 8,9 and 10. I was always happy when i was passed and was going to a new class, maybe same thing happens here as well. But happiness was just for some while it wouldn't last even for a week. I was extremely pathetic again the routine of hard work of study started again. It was wonderful that i always was engaged to grow myself to become a good child, student, friend and many more. Today what i wish to teach to my student is to make their feet so strong enough like a root of a tree, so that we could survive in erosion and any kind of life shaking earthquake experiences that occurs in life. I want to teach them to grow like a beautiful tree which is the source of shelter to birds, Shade to passerby and also fruits for all of us. We have to grow, Our stem must be straight like a backbone, Our life must be a source of happiness to every living being. The positive vibe of the happiness must be forwarded to everyone, the ideas are to be created by small brains, so that there would be a proper framework to make it successful in future. Life must be accompanied and i want to give that company that are their expectation. I simply being a teacher want to do justice to them, So that i would not leave any stone unturned from my side that a good teacher is supposed to do.  I want to do this because it is between my students and me and this must help us both. I don't really care how long it takes but i would like to do it with all the essential  requirements so that it would be more safe and comfortable. The gentle expression of our faces, the gentle heart we have, the generous activities we want to do is surrounded by some extreme limitation and boundaries in schooling environment. Let the body grow, mind grow, heart grow, perception grow, intellectuality  grow, spirit grow and lets make the space around us grow. Let's break the walls of every school and make it wide open to see, think, feel and learn. This is the reality behind the growth and life.
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Education for Sustainable Development

Mr. Suresh Mukhiya , Development Practitioner
Email: ssureshmukhiya@gmail.com



“Rainbow seems beautiful only when all its color scatters at a time, absence of its color can de-valuate the rainbow as well, so is the nation. It won’t get its real image flaunted until it won’t get colored with education. Similarly Sustainable development can’t be imagined if the nation lacks education.”

There is no doubt; education is one only way to make an individual stand on their feet to support the Nation with their unique ideas and creativity. Many times world has witnessed the God gifted talent in a singular hidden in the crowd of world and suddenly gets highlighted for their uniqueness but the story doesn’t ends there, at the same place when such talent hasn’t been carved with proper education then we have continuously been hearing the negative result progressed because of them.

26/11 in India was an example of such incident. Ajmal Amir Kasab, a young mind who dared to get several breaths taking training to battle India at such a raw age, if such dare would have been used in any exams then maybe  he would be alive putting in sparkling stars in his country name, no doubt. His country would have been feeling proud on him instead of shame that he left behind. If this incident  would be analyzed then  It wasn’t his fault only, his country was equal participant for it, All that happened   due to education factor lacking in his environment, he wasn’t noticed of difference between good and worst, so the result took place. By this we can easily figure out that the education with the typical guidance has potential to change the negative attitude into positive, Evil into Angel.

If talking about Nepal’s storm metropolitan city say Kathmandu where life style of people is totally luxurious, the people of here are teamed with facilities of schools, colleges and mostly the sense of equality about the male and female education, both are getting sufficient opportunities to view the world through literacy which has given the place an excellent panoramic view but if the focus will be moved towards those villages where at least the word “EDUCATION” hasn’t been pronounced yet then somewhere inside it makes feel curse upon humanity because they have still kept in starvation stage, so how would they think for education.

Although we have reached in 21st century but due to lack of education people have forced to adopt the mentality say blind belief that male can only be participated for the earning of knowledge because they consider only male have stamina to face the world.In this this way such issue has remained constant as it used to be in an ancient era. At a place they are using their entire asset in male’s progression and at the same spot they are basically seeding disability in females by keeping them inside the boundary for household work, serving sex, children production etc. It is said and get advertised time and again that male and female are the two sides of a single coin and people have adopted it too but I have a separate view, if it is so then we should better know, at the time we viewing its one part then the next part always remains in dark and that’s the fault we keep on repeating.

Statistics clearly suggests that gender disparity in Nepalese society has remarkable stain on it as Nepal has the lowest female literacy rate among the SAARC countries; the literacy rate of people above six years is 54 percent in which 63 percent are males and 42.5 percent are females. The net enrollment rate for the males holds 86 percent where females are with 74.60 percent. If we have wished a new Nepal then it needs to give both the gender an opportunity to compete together from the same start line and that would be appropriate judgment.

Recently Education Journalist of Nepal have mentioned in one of their report that the government policy continues to place the strong emphasis on educating girls. But the Maoist insurgency in the rural areas disturbed the current plans and policies. Teachers have been beaten to death and even killed; school buildings have been bombed and destroyed by the insurgents. Kidnapping of students and disturbing their Exam made normal functioning of the education system increasingly difficult under the present circumstances. It directly indicates that somewhere politics which is known as the only key factor to establish the nation has chained the REVOLUTION MAKER in an isolated place.

We don’t need to go somewhere else, let’s take example of villages of our great country Nepal, the guardians of such victims are not conscious about their offspring’s future, they have never been found thinking that their female must be having some unique features, their children too have thought to do something special for their nation so that their identity will be captured in history with the golden lenses forever. But ya in return of their sacrifices, they have been titled as BURDEN which gets relief after their marriage. Lots of book has been written on the topic “female education” but all those have been limited only in those thick books which have just made the papers of books increased, not the quantity of enrollment of females for education.

There are lots of government as well as non-government organization working to bring some change. This isn’t whole true that the government isn’t using capital upon providing education to the people deprived from education but despite of government huge investment on education sector, there is no any progress in this field and young generation are disabled to get its  small portion of light, there must be some error going on, there must be some virus which has disturbed the link between the government and an individual people which need to get traced at punctual time otherwise the blunder is no more far from the destruction of society.

Finally I would like to suggest that each and every citizen of nation should step up to take command over this issue thinking that it’s their personal problem not the national problem. Several fruitful strategies to encourage equality education should be made my government and executed by the nationals so that it can bring sustainable development for country as well as for us too. In spite of investing those storm investment through government as well as non-government organization, some new policies be made through which some deserving specialists should be hired to detect the error and work upon it in certain time limit.Not only this much, there should be routine checkup by the other individual hired for it, just like the game CHESS where all the players are said to be safe when you keep them in care of one another.

We should always keep in mind that the first atomic bomb was made in USA during Second World War to protect the nation from their enemies but later it had brought unimagined destruction and the reason behind it was un-human behavior which is no doubt caused by the absence of proper education.

I hope the day will surely come when the rainbow i.e. our Nepal will flaunt his most adorable image and be in position to maintain a sustainable development forever with the help of education and we(male and female) would be proud to say “Great Nepal, Our Nepal”
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